S45 – His Supplication in Bidding Farewell to the Month of RamadanS45 – His Supplication in Bidding Farewell to the Month of Ramadan

O God,

O He who desires no repayment!

O He who shows no remorse at bestowal!

O He who rewards not His servant tit for tat!



Your kindness is a new beginning,

Your pardon gratuitous bounty,181

Your punishment justice,

Your decree a choice for the best!



If You bestow,

You stain not Your bestowal with obligation,

and if You withhold,

You withhold not in transgression.



You show gratitude to him who thanks You,

while You have inspired him to thank You.



You reward him who praises You,

while You have taught him Your praise.



You cover him whom,

if You willed,

You would expose,

and You are generous toward him from whom,

if You willed,

You would withhold.



Both are worthy of Your exposure and withholding,

but You have

founded Your acts upon gratuitous bounty,

channeled Your power into forbearance,

received him who disobeyed You with clemency,

and disregarded him who intended wrongdoing against himself.



You await their turning back without haste

and refrain from rushing them toward repentance,

so that the perisher among them may not perish

because of You

and the wretched may not be wretched

through Your favor,

but only after Your prolonged excusing him

and successive arguments against him,

as an act of generosity through Your pardon, O Generous,

and an act of kindliness through Your tenderness, O Clement!



It is You who has opened for Your servants

a door to Your pardon,

which You have named ‘repentance’.

You have placed upon that door

a pointer from Your revelation,

lest they stray from it:

You have said (blessed are Your names),

Repent toward God with unswerving repentance!

It may be that Your Lord will acquit of your evil deeds

and will admit you into gardens

beneath which rivers flow,

upon the day when God will not degrade the Prophet

and those who have faith along with him,

their light running before them

and on their right hands,

and they say:



‘Our Lord, complete for us our light, and forgive us!

Surely You are powerful over everything.’182



What is the excuse

of him who remains heedless of entering that house

after the opening of the door

and the setting up of the pointer?



It is You who has raised the price against Yourself

to the advantage of Your servants,

desiring their profit in their trade with You,

their triumph through reaching You,

and their increase on account of You,

for You have said

(blessed is Your Name and high are You exalted),

Whoso brings a good deed

shall have ten the like of it,

and whoso brings an evil deed

shall only be recompensed the like of it.183



You have said,

The likeness of those who expend their wealth

in the way of God

is as the likeness of a grain of corn

that sprouts seven ears,

in every ear a hundred grains;

so God multiplies unto whom He wills.184



You have said,

Who is he that will lend to God a good loan,

and He will multiply it for him manifold?185



And You have sent down in the Qur’an

similar verses on the multiplying of good deeds.



It is You who has pointed them

through Your speech from Your Unseen

and Your encouragement in which lies their good fortune

toward that which –

had You covered it from them –

their eyes would not have perceived,

their ears would not have heard,

and their imaginations would not have grasped,



for You have said,

Remember Me

and I will remember you

be thankful to Me,

and be you not thankless towards Me!186



You have said,

If you are thankful,

surely I will increase you,

but if you are thankless,

My chastisement is surely terrible;187



And You have said,

Supplicate Me

and I will respond to you,

surely those who wax too proud to worship Me

shall enter Gehenna utterly abject.188



Hence You have named supplicating You ‘worship’

and refraining from it ‘waxing proud’,

and You have threatened that the refraining from it

would yield entrance into Gehenna in utter abjection.



So they remember You for Your kindness,

they thank You for Your bounty,

they supplicate You by Your command,

and they donate for You

in order to seek Your increase;

in all this lies their deliverance from Your wrath

and their triumph through Your good pleasure.



Were any creature himself to direct another creature

to the like of that to which

You Yourself have directed Your servants,

he would be described by beneficence,

qualified by kindness,

and praised by every tongue.

So to You belongs praise

as long as there is found a way to praise You

and as long as there remains for praising

words by which You may be praised

and meanings which may be spent in praise!



O He who shows Himself praiseworthy to His servants

through beneficence and bounty,

flooding them with kindness and graciousness!

How much Your favor has been spread about among us,

Your kindness lavished upon us,

and Your goodness singled out for us!



You have guided us to

Your religion which You have chosen,

Your creed with which You are pleased,

and Your path which You have made smooth,

and You have shown us proximity to You

and arrival at Your generosity!



O God,

among the choicest of those duties

and the most special of those obligations

You have appointed the month of Ramadan,

which You have singled out from other months,

chosen from among all periods and eras,

and preferred over all times of the year

through the Qur’an and the Light

which You sent down within it,

the faith

which You multiplied by means of it,

the fasting

which You obligated therein,

the standing in prayer

which You encouraged at its time,

and the Night of Decree

which You magnified therein,

the night which is better than a thousand months.189



Through it You have preferred us

over the other communities

and through its excellence You have chosen us

to the exclusion of the people of the creeds.



We fasted by Your command in its daylight,

we stood in prayer with Your help in its night,

presenting ourselves by its fasting and its standing

to the mercy which You have held up before us,

and we found through it the means to Your reward.

And You are full of what is sought from You,

munificent with what is asked of Your bounty,

and near to him who strives for Your nearness.


This month stood among us

in a standing place of praise,

accompanied us

with the companionship of one approved,

and profited us

with the most excellent profit of the world’s creatures.



Then it parted from us at

the completion of its time,

the end of its term,

and the fulfilment of its number.



So we bid farewell to it with the farewell of one

whose parting pains us,

whose leaving fills us with gloom and loneliness,

and to whom we have come to owe

a safeguarded claim,

an observed inviolability,

and a discharged right.



We say:

Peace be upon You,

O greatest month of God!

O festival of His friends!



Peace be upon You,

O most noble of accompanying times!

O best of months in days and hours!


Peace be upon You,

month in which

expectations come near

and good works are scattered about!



Peace be upon You,


who is great in worth when found

and who torments through absence when lost,

anticipated friend

whose parting gives pain!



Peace be upon You,


who brought comfort in coming,

thus making happy,

who left loneliness in going,

thus giving anguish!



Peace be upon You,

neighbor in whom

hearts became tender

and sins became few!



Peace be upon You,

helper who aided against Satan,

companion who made easy the paths of good-doing!



Peace be upon You –

How many became freedmen of God within You!

How happy those who observed the respect due to You!



Peace be upon You –

How many the sins You erased!

How many the kinds of faults You covered over!



Peace be upon You –

How drawn out were You for the sinners!

How awesome were You in the hearts of the faithful!



Peace be upon You,

month with which no days compete!



Peace be upon You,

month which is peace in all affairs!


Peace be upon You,

You whose companionship is not disliked,

You whose friendly mixing is not blamed!



Peace be upon You,

just as You have entered upon us with blessings

and cleansed us of the defilement of offenses!



Peace be upon You –

You are not bid farewell in annoyance

nor is Your fasting left in weariness!



Peace be upon You,

object of seeking before Your time,

object of sorrow before Your passing!



Peace be upon You –

How much evil was turned away from us through You!

How much good flowed upon us because of You!



Peace be upon You

and upon the Night of Decree

which is better than a thousand months!190



Peace be upon You –

How much we craved You yesterday!

How intensely we shall yearn for You tomorrow!



Peace be upon You

and upon Your bounty

which has now been made unlawful to us

and upon Your blessings gone by

which have now been stripped away from us!



O God,

we are the people of this month.

Through it You have ennobled us

and given us success

because of Your kindness,

while the wretched are ignorant of its time.

Made unlawful to them is its bounty

because of their wretchedness.



You are the patron of the knowledge of it

by which You have preferred us,

and its prescribed practices to which You have guided us.

We have undertaken, through Your giving success,

its fasting and its standing in prayer,

but with shortcomings,

and we have performed little of much.



O God, so to You belongs praise,

in admission of evil doing

and confession of negligence,

and to You belongs

remorse firmly knitted in our hearts

and seeking of pardon sincerely uttered by our tongues.



Reward us,

in spite of the neglect that befell us in this month,

with a reward through which

we may reach the bounty desired from it

and win the varieties of its craved stores!



Make incumbent upon us Your pardon

for our falling short of Your right in this month

and make our lives which lie before us

reach the coming month of Ramadan!

Once You have made us reach it,

help us perform the worship of which You are worthy,

cause us to undertake the obedience which You deserve,

and grant us righteous works

that we may fulfil Your right

in these two months of the months of time.191



O God, as for the small and large sins

which we have committed in this our month,

the misdeeds into which we have fallen,

and the offenses which we have earned

purposefully or in forgetfulness,

wronging ourselves thereby

or violating the respect due to others,

bless Muhammad and his Household,

cover us over with Your covering,

pardon us through Your pardoning,

place us not before the eyes of the gloaters because of that,

stretch not toward us the tongues of the defamers,

and employ us in that which will alleviate and expiate

whatever You disapprove from us within it

through Your clemency which does not run out,

and Your bounty which does not diminish!



O God, bless Muhammad and his Household,

redress our being afflicted by our month,192

bless us in this day of our festival and our fast-breaking,

make it one of the best of days that have passed over us,

the greatest in attracting Your pardon,

and the most effacing toward sins,

and forgive us our sins, both the concealed and the public!



O God, with the passing of this month

make us pass forth from our offenses,

with its departure

make us depart from our evil deeds,

and appoint us thereby among its most felicitous people,

the most plentiful of them in portion,

and the fullest of them in share!



O God,  when any person observes this month as it should be observed,

safeguards its inviolability as it should be safeguarded,

attends to its bounds as they should be attended to,

fears its misdeeds as they should be feared,

or seeks nearness to You with any act of nearness-seeking


makes incumbent upon him Your good pleasure

and bends toward him Your mercy,

give to us the like [of that]193 from Your wealth

and bestow it upon us in multiples through Your bounty,

for Your bounty does not diminish,

Your treasuries do not decrease but overflow,

the mines of Your beneficence are not exhausted,

and Your bestowal is the bestowal full of delight!



O God, bless Muhammad and his Household

and write for us the like of the wages

of him who fasted in it

or worshipped You within it

until the Day of Resurrection!



O God, we repent to You in our day of fast-breaking,

which You have appointed

for the faithful

a festival and a joy

and for the people of Your creed

a time of assembly and gathering,

from every misdeed we did,

ill work we sent ahead,

or evil thought we secretly conceived,

the repentance of one who does not harbor a return to sin

and who afterwards will not go back to offense,

an unswerving repentance rid of doubt and wavering.

So accept it from us,

be pleased with us,

and fix us within it!



O God,

provide us with fear of the threatened punishment

and yearning for the promised reward,

so that we may find

the pleasure of that for which we supplicate You

and the sorrow of that from which we seek sanctuary in You!



And place us with You among the repenters,

those upon whom You have made Your love obligatory

and from whom You have accepted

the return to obeying You!194

O Most Just of the just!



O God,

show forbearance toward our fathers and our mothers

and all the people of our religion,

those who have gone and those who will pass by,

until the Day of Resurrection!



O God,

bless our prophet Muhammad and his Household,

as You have blessed Your angels brought nigh,

bless him and his Household,

as You have blessed Your prophets sent out,

bless him and his Household,

as You have blessed Your righteous servants –

and better than that, O Lord of the worlds! –

a blessing whose benediction will reach us,

whose benefit will attain to us,

and through which our supplication may be granted!

You are the most generous of those who are beseeched,

the most sufficient of those in whom confidence is had,

the most bestowing of those from whom bounty is asked,

and You are powerful over everything!




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